There is a strong ability to learn from past events because people exhibiting these strengths analyse and interpret events that have affected them well.
Most of us would likely agree that different types of intelligence are at work in these individuals. They tend to emphasize thought as a vital component of learning, thereby avoiding reliance on basic and lower-level learning activities.
Otherwise, information becomes useless. They can be taught through drawings, verbal and physical imagery. Naturalistic — learn by working with nature Naturalistic learning is about understanding the patterns of living things and applying scientific reasoning to the world. Indeed, as currently constituted, our educational system is heavily biased toward linguistic modes of instruction and assessment and, to a somewhat lesser degree, toward logical-quantitative modes as well.
Several models indicate that the elicited performance should be categorized by type; overt, covert, motor, verbal, constructed, and select.
Print instruction should be delivered in an individualized mode which allows the learner to set the learning pace. Although learning-style theorists interpret the personality in various ways, nearly all models have two things in common: They have many friends, empathy for others, street smarts.
Logical -Mathematical — reasoning, calculating Think conceptually, abstractly and are able to see and explore patterns and relationships. Multiple Intelligences Howard Gardner of Harvard has identified seven distinct intelligences.
The external events which support internal learning processes are called events of instruction. First, the theory has grown out of cognitive science—a discipline that has not yet asked itself why we have a field called cognitive science, but not one called affective science.
As all teachers know, we must ultimately consider differences at the individual level. Very aware of their environments. In all cases, we know that no individual is universally intelligent; certain fields of knowledge engage or elude everyone.
Bodily-kinesthetic - use the body effectively, like a dancer or a surgeon. Activities suggested can and should be used for all types of learners, lessons should be designed to have all types of activities. Howard Gardner spells out the difference between the theories this way: Finding, recognizing, and valuing different combinations of multiple intelligences is a key to applying these skills effectively.
Musical - show sensitivity to rhythm and sound. The Mastery style learner absorbs information concretely; processes information sequentially, in a step-by-step manner; and judges the value of learning in terms of its clarity and practicality.
They can be taught by encouraging them to say and see words, read books together. Gardner argues that the idea of learning styles does not contain clear criteria for how one would define a learning style, where the style comes, and how it can be recognized and assessed.
These learners tend to shy away from others. Where individuals differ is in the strength of these intelligences - the so-called profile of intelligences -and in the ways in which such intelligences are invoked and combined to carry out different tasks, solve diverse problems, and progress in various domains.
Someone with high visual-spatial intelligence, such as a skilled painter, may still benefit from using rhymes to remember information. Our own model, for instance, describes the following four styles: However, as we move into using a mix of media or multimedia, it becomes easier. They may study better with music in the background.
Yet, there are two gaps in multiple intelligence theory that limit its application to learning. As we understand learning styles, it becomes apparent why multimedia appeals to learners and why a mix of media is more effective.
Learning Styles Learning-style theory begins with Carl Jungwho noted major differences in the way people perceived sensation versus intuitionthe way they made decisions logical thinking versus imaginative feelingsand how active or reflective they were while interacting extroversion versus introversion.
They need to learn and form concepts before they can deal with details. Visual-Spatial — think in terms of physical space, as do architects and sailors Very aware of their environments. The theory of multiple intelligences is an effort to understand how cultures and disciplines shape human potential.
Gardner has taken this intuitive knowledge of human experience and shown us in a lucid, persuasive, and well-researched manner how it is true.
Interpersonal - understanding, interacting with others.It’s definitely more efficient to create a course based on the motivational characteristics of the students and not their learning styles, and always be ready to adjust the learning methods and techniques and engage multiple senses rather than just one.
Aug 22, · Furthermore, a clear distinction should be made between multiple intelligences (how people process information) and learning styles (how people approach tasks differently). Research, however, does suggest that providing students with multiple ways to learn content improves learning (Hattie, ).
Read more about multiple intelligences, and explore sample activities related to different intelligence types. Without multiple intelligence theory, style is rather abstract, and it generally undervalues context. Without learning styles, multiple intelligence theory proves unable to describe different processes of thought and feeling.
Each theory responds to the weaknesses of the other; together, they form an integrated picture of intelligence and difference.
Multiple Intelligences Howard Gardner of Harvard has identified seven distinct intelligences. This theory has emerged from recent cognitive research and "documents the extent to which students possess different kinds of minds and therefore learn, remember, perform, and understand in different ways," according to Gardner ().
Multiple Intelligence Theory was first published in Howard Gardner's book, Frames Of Mind (), and quickly became established as a classical model by which to understand and teach many aspects of human intelligence, learning style, personality and behaviour - in education and industry.Download